Personality Psychology

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Personality Psychology

Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and individual differences. Its areas of focus include:

"Personality" can be defined as a dynamic and organized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influences his or her cognitions, motivations, and behaviors in various situations. The word "personality" originates from the Latin persona, which means mask. Significantly, in the theatre of the ancient Latin-speaking world, the mask was not used as a plot device to disguise the identity of a character, but rather was a convention employed to represent or typify that character.

The pioneering American psychologist Gordon Allport (1937) described two major ways to study personality: the nomothetic and the idiographic. Nomothetic psychology seeks general laws that can be applied to many different people, such as the principle of self-actualization, or the trait of extraversion. Idiographic psychology is an attempt to understand the unique aspects of a particular individual.

The study of personality has a broad and varied history in psychology, with an abundance of theoretical traditions. The major theories include dispositional (trait) perspective, psychodynamic, humanistic, biological, behaviorist and social learning perspective. There is no consensus on the definition of "personality" in psychology. Most researchers and psychologists do not explicitly identify themselves with a certain perspective and often take an eclectic approach. Some research is empirically driven such as the "Big 5" personality model whereas other research emphasizes theory development such as psychodynamics. There is also a substantial emphasis on the applied field of personality testing. In psychological education and training, the study of the nature of personality and its psychological development is usually reviewed as a prerequisite to courses in abnormal or clinical psychology.

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Personality Psychology Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Howard Nemerov Writing Scholarship $3,000 January 15, 2017
Hugo du Coudray Blue Denim Scholarship $2,000 February 01, 2017
Walter Jones Memorial Scholarship $2,000 November 01, 2016
William Randolph Hearst Endowed Fellowship for Minority Students Up to $4,000 November 22, 2016
Daniel K. Kuzuhara Hope Center Scholarship $1,100 November 16, 2016
Rob McCarvel Memorial Scholarship $1,000 February 01, 2017
Girls Impact the World Film Festival Scholarship Up to $5,000 January 20, 2017
Eugene F. Wiesner Endowed Scholarship $700 February 01, 2017
Wendell Wood Memorial Scholarship $500 November 01, 2016
Michael Baring-Gould Memorial Scholarship $500 February 15, 2017