Linguistics

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Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields of study: language form, language meaning, and language in context.

The first is the study of language structure, or grammar. This focuses on the system of rules followed by the speakers (or hearers) of a language. It encompasses morphology (the formation and composition of words), syntax (the formation and composition of phrases and sentences from these words), and phonology (sound systems). Phonetics is a related branch of linguistics concerned with the actual properties of speech sounds and nonspeech sounds, and how they are produced and perceived.

The study of language meaning is concerned with how languages employ logical structures and real-world references to convey, process, and assign meaning, as well as to manage and resolve ambiguity. This subfield encompasses semantics (how meaning is inferred from words and concepts) and pragmatics (how meaning is inferred from context).

Language in its broader context includes evolutionary linguistics, which considers the origins of language; historical linguistics, which explores language change; sociolinguistics, which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures; psycholinguistics, which explores the representation and function of language in the mind; neurolinguistics, which looks at language processing in the brain; language acquisition, how children or adults acquire language; and discourse analysis, which involves the structure of texts and conversations.

Although linguistics is the scientific study of language, a number of other intellectual disciplines are relevant to language and intersect with it. Semiotics, for example, is the general study of signs and symbols both within language and without. Literary theorists study the use of language in literature. Linguistics additionally draws on and informs work from such diverse fields as psychology, speech-language pathology, informatics, computer science, philosophy, biology, human anatomy, neuroscience, sociology, anthropology, and acoustics.

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Matching Linguistics Colleges

Name
University of Washington-Seattle Campus
Four or more years; Public; $27,230 average out-state tuition; $9,746 average in-state tuition
Brigham Young University-Provo
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $4,560 average out-state tuition; $4,560 average in-state tuition
University of Florida
Four or more years; Public; $25,276 average out-state tuition; $4,060 average in-state tuition
University of California-Los Angeles
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of California-Berkeley
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of Massachusetts-Boston
Four or more years; Public; $9,758 average out-state tuition; $1,714 average in-state tuition
University of California-San Diego
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition

Linguistics Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Beinecke Scholarship Program $34,000 February 17, 2017
Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship $24,000 January 10, 2017
Boren Fellowship Up to $24,000 January 31, 2017
Howard Nemerov Writing Scholarship $3,000 January 15, 2017
William Randolph Hearst Endowed Fellowship for Minority Students Up to $4,000 March 17, 2017
Hurston-Evans Scholarship Up to $1,000 February 01, 2017
Bernerd C. and Alma B. Weber Endowed Scholarship $500 December 15, 2016
Jane Buttrey Memorial Scholarship $500 January 01, 2017
Bollinger-Barsch Foreign Language Scholarship Up to $500 March 01, 2017
Dr. James M. and Nancy Miller Scholarship Varies February 21, 2017