Child Development

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Child Development

Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and pediatrics, the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. Developmental change may occur as a result of genetically-controlled processes known as maturation, or as a result of environmental factors and learning, but most commonly involves an interaction between the two. It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses.

There are various definitions of periods in a child's development, since each period is a continuum with individual differences regarding start and ending.

Some age-related development periods and examples of defined intervals are: newborn (ages 0–1 month); infant (ages 1 month – 1 year); toddler (ages 1–3 years); preschooler (ages 4–6years); school-aged child (ages 6–13 years); adolescent (ages 13–20). However, organizations like Zero to Three and the World Association for Infant Mental Health use the term infant as a broad category, including children from birth to age 3.

The optimal development of children is considered vital to society and so it is important to understand the social, cognitive, emotional, and educational development of children. Increased research and interest in this field has resulted in new theories and strategies, with specific regard to practice that promotes development within the school system. In addition there are also some theories that seek to describe a sequence of states that compose child development.

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Matching Child Development Colleges

Name
University of Georgia
Four or more years; Public; $24,411 average out-state tuition; $6,676 average in-state tuition
Fresno Pacific University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $24,520 average out-state tuition; $24,520 average in-state tuition
Texas Tech University
Four or more years; Public; $12,211 average out-state tuition; $4,699 average in-state tuition
University of La Verne
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $31,300 average out-state tuition; $31,300 average in-state tuition
Texas Woman's University
Four or more years; Public; $11,544 average out-state tuition; $4,032 average in-state tuition
Brigham Young University-Idaho
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $3,470 average out-state tuition; $3,470 average in-state tuition
Central Michigan University
Four or more years; Public; $21,644 average out-state tuition; $9,716 average in-state tuition

Child Development Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Mister Rogers Memorial Scholarship $5,000 January 31, 2017
College of Education Graduate Scholarship - MSU $1,000 February 01, 2017
Friends of Child Development Scholarship $1,000 December 16, 2016
Helen L. Siebert Scholarship Up to $600 January 31, 2017
College of Education Undergraduate Scholarship - MSU, Billings $500 February 01, 2017
Marie Shoup Scholarship $500 February 01, 2017
William and Dorothy Nicholas Scholarship $200 December 16, 2016
Anne Deardorf Memorial Scholarship Up to $500 March 01, 2017
Thompson Family Child Development Scholarship Varies February 15, 2017
News-Star/Home Economics Endowed Scholarship Varies February 28, 2017