Chemistry

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Chemistry

Chemistry is the science of matter, especially its properties, structure, composition, behavior, reactions, interactions and the changes it undergoes.

Chemistry is sometimes called "the central science" because it connects physics with other natural sciences such as astronomy, geology and biology.

Physics also studies matter, but physics is the science of quantities of space and matter, and laws governing them. Chemistry is a branch of physical science but not a branch of physics. However, chemistry utilizes physics. For example, chemistry uses quantities like energy and entropy in relation to the spontaneity of chemical processes. It also explains the structure and properties of matter as a consequence of the physical properties of chemical substances and their interactions. For example, steel is harder than iron because its atoms are bound together in a more rigid crystalline lattice; wood burns or undergoes rapid oxidation because it can react spontaneously with oxygen in a chemical reaction above a certain temperature; sugar and salt dissolve in water because their molecular/ionic properties are such that dissolution is preferred under the ambient conditions. Synthesis is the major aspect that separates chemistry from physics and biology as sciences. Chemistry includes the knowledge (science) to design and make more complex substances from simpler ones. These new substances might then be analyzed for their physical or biological properties.

The etymology of the word chemistry has been much disputed. The genesis of chemistry can be traced to certain practices, known as alchemy, which had been practiced for several millennia in various parts of the world, particularly the Middle East.

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Matching Chemistry Colleges

Name
University of California-Irvine
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
Four or more years; Public; $16,650 average out-state tuition; $11,650 average in-state tuition
University of Florida
Four or more years; Public; $25,276 average out-state tuition; $4,060 average in-state tuition
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Four or more years; Public; $24,953 average out-state tuition; $5,128 average in-state tuition
University of Washington-Seattle Campus
Four or more years; Public; $27,230 average out-state tuition; $9,746 average in-state tuition
University of California-Berkeley
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Four or more years; Public; $27,219 average out-state tuition; $11,847 average in-state tuition

Chemistry Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Monsanto STEM Fellowship Up to $50,000 May 01, 2017
AMS Graduate Fellowship $25,000 January 13, 2017
Monsanto Graduate Student Scholarship Up to $25,000 May 01, 2017
Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship $24,000 January 10, 2017
ASDSO Scholarship Up to $10,000 March 31, 2017
FIRST Scholarship - University of Advancing Technology $10,000 May 24, 2017
NACE Foundation Academic Scholarship $5,000 January 01, 2017
Len Assante Scholarship Up to $5,000 January 15, 2017
ASME Nuclear Engineering Division (NED) Scholarship $5,000 March 01, 2017
FIRST Scholarship - University of Massachusetts Amherst/PTC $5,000 March 15, 2017