Biochemistry

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Biochemistry

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes in living organisms, including, but not limited to, living matter. Biochemistry governs all living organisms and living processes. By controlling information flow through biochemical signalling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism, biochemical processes give rise to the incredible complexity of life. Much of biochemistry deals with the structures and functions of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other biomolecules although increasingly processes rather than individual molecules are the main focus. Over the last 40 years biochemistry has become so successful at explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine are engaged in biochemical research. Today the main focus of pure biochemistry is in understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of whole organisms.

Among the vast number of different biomolecules, many are complex and large molecules (called biopolymers), which are composed of similar repeating subunits (called monomers). Each class of polymeric biomolecule has a different set of subunit types. For example, a protein is a polymer whose subunits are selected from a set of 20 or more amino acids. Biochemistry studies the chemical properties of important biological molecules, like proteins, and in particular the chemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions.

The biochemistry of cell metabolism and the endocrine system has been extensively described. Other areas of biochemistry include the genetic code (DNA, RNA), protein synthesis, cell membrane transport, and signal transduction.

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Matching Biochemistry Colleges

Name
University of California-San Diego
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of California-Los Angeles
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of Washington-Seattle Campus
Four or more years; Public; $27,230 average out-state tuition; $9,746 average in-state tuition
The University of Texas at Austin
Four or more years; Public; $32,506 average out-state tuition; $9,794 average in-state tuition
Arizona State University
Four or more years; Public; $21,807 average out-state tuition; $9,208 average in-state tuition
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Four or more years; Public; $24,342 average out-state tuition; $8,592 average in-state tuition
Stony Brook University
Four or more years; Public; $14,720 average out-state tuition; $5,270 average in-state tuition

Biochemistry Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Monsanto STEM Fellowship Up to $50,000 May 01, 2017
FIRST Scholarship - Tulane University $30,000 December 14, 2016
Monsanto Graduate Student Scholarship Up to $25,000 May 01, 2017
Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship $24,000 January 10, 2017
Dr. Gary M. Moore Great Plan Scholarship $20,000 February 01, 2017
Swenson Family Foundation Scholarship $14,000 March 15, 2017
William R. Goldfarb Memorial Scholarship $10,000 January 31, 2017
FIRST Scholarship - University of Advancing Technology $10,000 May 24, 2017
ASTEO Scholars Award Up to $7,500 March 01, 2017
Williamson Scholarship for Excellence In Agriculture $5,000 February 01, 2017