Archeology

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Archeology

Archaeology, or archeology (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος, arkhaīos, "ancient"; and -λογία, -logiā, "-logy"), is the study of human society, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record). Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity, and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology, although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline.

Archaeology studies human history from the development of the first stone tools in eastern Africa 3.4 million years ago up until recent decades. It is of most importance for learning about prehistoric societies, when there are no written records for historians to study, making up over 99% of total human history, from the Palaeolithic until the advent of literacy in any given society. Archaeology has various different goals, which range from studying human evolution to cultural evolution and understanding culture history.

The discipline involves surveyance, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected to learn more about the past. In broad scope, archaeology relies on cross-disciplinary research. It draws upon anthropology, history, art history, classics, ethnology, geography,geology,linguistics, physics, information sciences, chemistry, statistics, paleoecology, paleontology, paleozoology, paleoethnobotany, and paleobotany.

Archaeology developed out of antiquarianism in Europe during the 19th century, and has since become a discipline practiced across the world. Since its early development, various specific sub-disciplines of archaeology have developed, including maritime archaeology, feminist archaeology and archaeoastronomy, and numerous different scientific techniques have been developed to aid archaeological investigation. Nonetheless, today, archaeologists face many problems, ranging from dealing with pseudoarchaeology to the looting of artifacts and opposition to the excavation of human remains.

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Matching Archeology Colleges

Name
University of Missouri-Columbia
Four or more years; Public; $20,643 average out-state tuition; $7,848 average in-state tuition
Boston University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $40,848 average out-state tuition; $40,848 average in-state tuition
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
Four or more years; Public; $14,762 average out-state tuition; $7,189 average in-state tuition
University of Evansville
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $28,620 average out-state tuition; $28,620 average in-state tuition
SUNY College at Potsdam
Four or more years; Public; $14,320 average out-state tuition; $5,270 average in-state tuition
Cornell University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $41,325 average out-state tuition; $41,325 average in-state tuition
Western Washington University
Four or more years; Public; $17,320 average out-state tuition; $6,973 average in-state tuition

Archeology Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Beinecke Scholarship Program $34,000 February 17, 2017
Herbert Scoville Jr. Peace Fellowship Up to $27,000 October 05, 2016
Wayne F. Placek Grant $15,000 March 01, 2017
Enid Hall Griswold Memorial Scholarship $5,000 February 10, 2017
Lowell L. Richards III Memorial Scholarship $5,000 April 28, 2017
Howard Nemerov Writing Scholarship $3,000 January 15, 2017
Executive Council Outstanding Student Award - CSUF Up to $2,500 March 04, 2017
Lyceum Scholars Program $2,500 December 08, 2016
Paul and Marguerite K. Thomas Scholarship in Economics $2,000 February 15, 2017
William Randolph Hearst Endowed Fellowship for Minority Students Up to $4,000 November 22, 2016