Anthropology

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Anthropology

Anthropology  /ænθrɵˈpɒlədʒi/ is the study of humanity. It has origins in the humanities, the natural sciences, and the social sciences. The term "anthropology" is from the Greek anthrōpos (ἄνθρωπος), "man", understood to mean mankind or humanity, and -logia (-λογία), "discourse" or "study", and was first used in 1501 by German philosopher Magnus Hundt.

Anthropology's basic concerns are "What defines human life and society?", "How are social relations among humans organized?", "Who are the ancestors of modern Homo sapiens?", "What are humans' physical traits?", "How do humans behave?", "Why are there variations among different groups of humans?", "How has the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens influenced its social organization and culture?" and so forth.[citation needed]

In the United States, contemporary anthropology is typically divided into four sub-fields: cultural anthropology also known as socio-cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and physical (or biological) anthropology. The four-field approach to anthropology is reflected in many American undergraduate textbooks and anthropology programs. At universities in the United Kingdom, and much of Europe, these "sub-fields" are frequently housed in separate departments and are seen as distinct disciplines - with the field corresponding to American socio-cultural anthropology being simply anthropology.

The social and cultural sub-field has been heavily influenced by structuralist and post-modern theories, as well as a shift toward the analysis of modern societies (an arena more typically in the remit of sociologists). During the 1970s and 1990s there was an epistemological shift away from the positivist traditions that had largely informed the discipline. During this shift, enduring questions about the nature and production of knowledge came to occupy a central place in cultural and social anthropology. In contrast, archaeology and biological anthropology remained largely positivist. Due to this difference in epistemology, anthropology as a discipline has lacked cohesion over the last several decades.

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Matching Anthropology Colleges

Name
University of Florida
Four or more years; Public; $25,276 average out-state tuition; $4,060 average in-state tuition
University of California-Los Angeles
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of Washington-Seattle Campus
Four or more years; Public; $27,230 average out-state tuition; $9,746 average in-state tuition
University of California-Santa Cruz
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of California-Santa Barbara
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of California-Berkeley
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of Colorado Boulder
Four or more years; Public; $28,850 average out-state tuition; $7,672 average in-state tuition

Anthropology Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Beinecke Scholarship Program $34,000 February 17, 2017
Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship $24,000 January 10, 2017
Herbert Scoville Jr. Peace Fellowship Up to $27,000 January 06, 2017
Wayne F. Placek Grant $15,000 March 01, 2017
Enid Hall Griswold Memorial Scholarship $5,000 February 10, 2017
Lowell L. Richards III Memorial Scholarship $5,000 April 28, 2017
Howard Nemerov Writing Scholarship $3,000 January 15, 2017
Executive Council Outstanding Student Award - CSUF Up to $2,500 March 04, 2017
Lyceum Scholars Program $2,500 December 08, 2016
FIRST Scholarship - Pacific University $2,500 February 28, 2017