Library Science

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Library Science

Library science (or Library and Information science) is an interdisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information technology, education, and other areas to libraries; the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. The first school for library science was founded by Melvil Dewey at Columbia University in 1887.

Historically, library science has also included archival science. This includes how information resources are organized to serve the needs of select user groups, how people interact with classification systems and technology, how information is acquired, evaluated and applied by people in and outside of libraries as well as cross-culturally, how people are trained and educated for careers in libraries, the ethics that guide library service and organization, the legal status of libraries and information resources, and the applied science of computer technology used in documentation and records management.

There is no generally agreed-upon distinction between the terms library science, librarianship, and library and information science, and to a certain extent they are interchangeable, perhaps differing most significantly in connotation. The term library and information science (LIS) is most often used; most librarians consider it as only a terminological variation, intended to emphasize the scientific and technical foundations of the subject and its relationship with information science. LIS should not be confused with information theory, the mathematical study of the concept of information. LIS can also be seen as an integration of the two fields library science and information science, which were separate at one point. Library philosophy has been contrasted with library science as the study of the aims and justifications of librarianship as opposed to the development and refinement of techniques.

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Matching Library Science Colleges

Name
University of North Texas
Four or more years; Public; $13,396 average out-state tuition; $5,884 average in-state tuition
San Jose State University
Four or more years; Public; $16,632 average out-state tuition; $5,472 average in-state tuition
Clarion University of Pennsylvania
Four or more years; Public; $12,480 average out-state tuition; $6,240 average in-state tuition
Kent State University at Kent
Four or more years; Public; $17,306 average out-state tuition; $9,346 average in-state tuition
Drexel University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $32,500 average out-state tuition; $32,500 average in-state tuition
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Four or more years; Public; $27,219 average out-state tuition; $11,847 average in-state tuition
Florida State University
Four or more years; Public; $17,544 average out-state tuition; $3,100 average in-state tuition

Library Science Related Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
Florinell F. Morton Scholarship $2200 March 15, 2015
Mary Marguerite Hanchey Memorial Fellowship $2000 March 15, 2015
Sidone Lawrence Walker Scholarship $1800 March 15, 2015
Pauline H. Rich Memorial Endowed Scholarship $1100 February 01, 2015
Bernice Pickens Parsons Scholarship $1000 January 15, 2015
Dottie Thomas Library Scholarship $1000 March 31, 2015
Alabama Library Association Memorial Scholarship $1000 June 01, 2015
Lewis Mack Fellowship $800 March 15, 2015
Mary Daume Scholarship Fund $750 February 28, 2015
Richard W. Peck Scholarship $700 March 15, 2015