Birmingham, AL Colleges

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Birmingham

Birmingham (pron.: /?b?rm??hæm/ BUR-ming-ham) is the largest city in Alabama. The city is the county seat of Jefferson County. The city's population was 212,237 according to the 2010 United States Census. The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Area had a population of about 1,128,047 according to the 2010 Census, which is approximately one-quarter of Alabama's population.

Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post-Civil War Reconstruction period, through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, notably, former Elyton. It grew from there, annexing many more of its smaller neighbors, into an industrial and railroad transportation center with a focus on mining, the iron and steel industry, and railroading. Birmingham was named for Birmingham, one of the major industrial cities of the United Kingdom. Many, if not most, of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry. In one writer's view, the city was planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city's steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast.

From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the South. The pace of Birmingham's growth during the period from 1881 through 1920 earned its nicknames The Magic City and The Pittsburgh of the South. Much like Pittsburgh, Birmingham's major industries were iron and steel production, plus a major component of the railroading industry, where rails and railroad cars were both manufactured in Birmingham. In the field of railroading, the two primary hubs of railroading in the Deep South were nearby Atlanta and Birmingham, beginning in the 1860s and continuing through to the present day. The economy diversified during the later half of the twentieth century. Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other businesses and industries such as banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have risen in stature. Mining in the Birmingham area is no longer a major industry with the exception of coal mining. Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States. In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial, along with five other Fortune 1000 companies.

In the field of college and university education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama School of Medicine (formerly known as the Medical College of Alabama) and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry since 1947, and since that time, it has also become provided with the University of Alabama at Birmingham (founded circa 1969), one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System, and also with the private Birmingham-Southern College. Between these two universities and Samford University, the Birmingham area has major colleges of medicine, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, law, engineering, and nursing. Birmingham is home to three of the state's five law schools: Cumberland School of Law, Birmingham School of Law, and Miles Law School. Birmingham is also the headquarters of the Southeastern Conference, one of the major U.S. collegiate athletic conferences.

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Schools in and around Birmingham, AL

Name
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Four or more years; Public; $14,256 average out-state tuition; $6,264 average in-state tuition
Samford University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $23,423 average out-state tuition; $23,423 average in-state tuition
Birmingham Southern College
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $28,250 average out-state tuition; $28,250 average in-state tuition
Virginia College-Birmingham
Four or more years; Private for profit; $13,627 average out-state tuition; $13,627 average in-state tuition
Jefferson State Community College
At least 2 but less than 4 years; Public; $6,420 average out-state tuition; $3,210 average in-state tuition
Lawson State Community College-Birmingham Campus
At least 2 but less than 4 years; Public; $6,420 average out-state tuition; $3,210 average in-state tuition
Southeastern Bible College
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $11,250 average out-state tuition; $11,250 average in-state tuition

Birmingham, AL Scholarships

Name Amount Deadline
NEWH Atlanta Chapter Scholarship Varies September 30, 2016
UAS7 International Study and Internship Program in Germany Varies October 01, 2016